Family Dental Group of Newburgh
250 Broadway, Newburgh, NY 12550

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
After moving from Westchester to Orange county it has been a challenge finding a good dentist. I called in urgency for an appointment for my husband. The staff was very knowledgeable, comforting and […]
Zatea T.
Everyone was very nice and my Dr, Dr Patel, explained exactly what I was having done every step of the way. His assistant, Tiffany, was so sweet. She was very comforting as dentist’s usually […]
Anonymous
The staff was friendly and made you feel comfortable. Overall I had an awesome experience.
Gwendolyn B.
I have been coming to Family Dental Group since they first opened. I also bring my 6 year old and have already made an appointment for my 2 year old. Dr Patel, Dr Saintil, Star, Tifany, Johmir, Kia, […]
Alberta C.
Everyone is very nice. Have anxiety with dentist and Dr. Patel was great. Quick and painless root canal. Would recommend
Furthest R.
Doctor O was very nice I was nervous at first, but he was very informative, and patient.
Jordyn H.
I have never been a patient here before and when I walked in, the receptionist was informative and kind. This office was the only dental office willing to examine me and perform an extraction on the […]
Latasha G.
It’s been a awesome experience bringing my kids here since they were little and they still take care of them
Cecilio R.
The dentist and the whole staff was super nice and helpful! My daughter, who has a fear of doctors, was treated so well and the dentist really kid friendly!
Megan T.
Very good experience at this office. The staff was very friendly. There was a woman who may have been in charge who was very helpful too.
Jerry M.
This office was very clean, the staff were very professional and helpful, and the entire experience was a pleasure. That doesn’t happen often when thinking of a dentist appointment. I have […]
Alycia T.
Dr Deans is a fabulous dentist
Christopher R.
This is place is great! Great doctors and was in and out very quickly. Would highly recommend to anyone.
Bryan G.
Very caring environment as soon as we entered the door!! Front desk personnel were very polite and attentive! Wonderful dental experience…very much recommended!!
Pamela W.
One of the best pediatric dentistry I have experienced. My three year old was happy leaving and I would recommend to any mother that wants their child in good hands!
Mea O.
The doctor was very kind and gentle as well as knowledgeable and upbeat.
Rosemarie T.
My girls go every 6 months to get a cleaning.. We get all 4 kids done and they never give me a hassle about the schedule.. The staff and Dentist are one of a kind
Andrea L.
The staff is super amazing !!!! my husband had a really bad tooth and needed to have it removed and they removed it the same day. He was feeling back to his normal self the next day.. Thx family […]
Elisha K.
Super friendly and welcoming environment. Very clean and love the service that I have been getting. Recommend 10/10
Shane P.
They have a friendly and helpful staff. They put my mind at ease about my three extractions.
Ian-William F.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (845) 764-9361
Fax: (845) 565-1351
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For appointments, call: (845) 764-9361
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
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