What is periodontal treatment and why must I consider it?
Periodontal treatment is a branch of dentistry that deals specifically with gum disease and is responsible for managing the symptoms that aggravate the condition. Gum disease is a serious condition that must be given immediate attention because, if left untreated, it will proceed to destroy the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth. Complications of gum disease may involve tooth loss, or an increased risk of heart failure and other equally crucial problems in extreme cases. Gum disease is usually a result of poor oral hygiene. It results in swollen gums that are red or purplish in color, tenderness in the gums when they are touched, receding gum lines that make the teeth look longer than they normally are, the development of spaces in between the patient’s teeth, pus development in between the teeth and gums, bad breath, loosened teeth that alter a patient’s bite, and generally a bad taste in the mouth. At the Family Dental Grew up in New York, a dedicated department that specializes in periodontal treatment effectively manages the signs and symptoms of gum disease.
How can gum disease be diagnosed using periodontal treatment?
The diagnosis of gum disease will be based on the general symptoms that the patient is experiencing as well as a full examination of the patient’s mouth. The dentist will check for plaque and tartar buildup, as well as for any signs of gum bleeding. To be able to accurately assess the health of your gum tissues, the dentist will use a metallic probe to measure the depth of the gingival sulcus, or the space between your gums and teeth, in several locations throughout the patient’s mouth. These measurements will help give the dentist an idea of how severe the gum disease is.
What are the methods used in periodontal treatment?
Nonsurgical periodontal treatments will include scaling, or the removal of tartar buildup from the tooth surfaces and beneath the gums. Root planing is also a noninvasive technique that smoothes the surfaces of the roots of the teeth to help prevent further tartar buildup. Antibiotic regimens will also be prescribed as part of nonsurgical periodontal treatment to help keep bacterial infections under control.
Surgical periodontal treatments are used when the noninvasive techniques do not show any significant response from the gum tissue. Flap surgery or pocket reduction surgery is a process where in tiny incisions are made on a section of the patient’s gum tissue so that it can be lifted back to expose the roots of the teeth for a more effective scaling and planing procedure. Soft tissue grafts may be indicated in cases where the gum disease has caused the gum line to recede. Replacing the damaged tissue is usually done by removing a small amount of gum tissue from the roof of the patient’s mouth and attaching it to the affected area. Bone grafting will involve the use of small bone fragments to repair the deteriorated bone structure surrounding the roots of the patient’s teeth. Guided tissue regeneration is a process that will allow the regrowth of bone that has been destroyed by the bacteria and is done by inserting a piece of biocompatible material between the existing bone and the tooth, this material allows the bone to grow back by preventing unwanted materials from entering the healing area. Finally, the enamel matrix derivative application is a technique that involves the application of a specially formulated gel that will help stimulate the regrowth of healthy bone and tissue materials.