Family Dental Group of Brewster
1620 Route 22, Brewster, NY 10509

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Family Dental Group is amazing! The team has always provided me with great service and the doctors are very friendly! The assistants were super helpful and made me feel very comfortable.
JOSHUA A.
Did not feel any pain while he gave me the needles, unbelievable! Friendliest staff!
Mike D.
Great visit. Staff was friendly and efficient. My Hygienist was very nice and informative.
Catherine P.
I went here for my Dental Cleaning and they are kind and very professional.
Geo L.
Dr. Gurfinkel and Terry are great! They listen, are so kind and make me feel comfortable.
Grace M.
The office staff is professional and knowledgeable. Dr. Luchesse is wonderful. He puts you at ease and informs you on all your dental needs. I had extensive dental work previously with Dr. Gelbart […]
Helen P.
They were very good at what they do
Anthony T.
The staff is kind curtious and friendly. They put you right at ease. The dentists are gentle, informative, and warm.. I would highly recommend !!!!
Loretta S.
First time there due to an emergency situation.The staff and Dr. Kesselmen were very friendly, efficient and most accommodating to myself and wife. Would definitely recommend this group. Wish they […]
Anonymous
The place is amazing and Rene James dr gurfinkel is amazing they are loving caring.melanie and Kristen I can’t say how wonderful they are this staff is great Dawn P
Dawn P.
Dr. Lucchese and Terry were the best decision I made in two years of dealing with an issue that was misdiagnosed with several Dentists consultations, x-rays, ins co appeals and lots and lots of pain. […]
Sherry L.
Michelle, the hygienist, was awesome!
Elena T.
The cleaning was fantastic Reena the higenist was the best hope to see her again
Thomas G.
Dr Kesselman was excellent. Did a root canal for my wife. He was caring and thoughtful to our needs and concerns.
Zhen L.
Dr. Gurfunkel and Terry work like a well oiled machine. Each knows what the other is thinking. Amazing Duo!!
Peter J.
Dr. Gurfinkel and Terry are the BEST! Terry is so funny and immediately made me feel comfortable, which is rare because i hate going to the dentist. They both made my visit very fun, and super quick!
Mitty F.
Its the staff that makes this place a 5 star rating to me. Kristen, Evelyn, and many more.
Alyssa V.
I was horrified at the beginning because I hate going to the dentist, I am so afraid normally when I have to go but here I feel super comfortable. Dr. Gurfinkel and Terry are awesome. They were Very […]
Raquel A.
Great staff the best I’ve seen and had help me. Every single appt. was right on time, and I’ve been there over seven times so far. I won’t go anywhere else now. They have completed […]
Matthew D.
Hope and Renee are 2 of the best hygienists that I have ever had work on my teeth. They take the time to do a GREAT job.
Vincent M.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM

*Saturdays-2nd,4th,5th

Phone: (845) 764-9263
Fax: (845) 279-7915
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For appointments, call us at: (845) 764-9263 or
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For appointments, call: (845) 764-9263
Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
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  • Phone: (845) 764-9263
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