Family Dental Group of Fishkill
738 Route 9, Suite 22, Fishkill, NY 12524

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Great quality in dental care, kind and informative staff and clean office. As someone who has been receiving dental care for 10+ years here, I highly recommend this office!
Noelle T.
I had a lot of fear about going to the dentist as I had a very bad experience with another dental office in CT and since then have been pretty afraid of dental work. The person I initially spoke with […]
Karine G.
The BEST quality of care!!! The staff is amazing, the doctors are very caring and gentle!!! I would never trust any other dentist office with my children as well as myself!!!
Linda S.
The service at the front desk is top notch, very helpful and friendly. Ellen, my hygienist, is the best. She always does a great job.
Steven P.
My experience with Family Dental Group and Dr. Lucchese has been amazing! He truly has been understanding & has done incredible work with me. *My true SMILE has returned because of his wonderful […]
Carla S.
Dr. Bryan is awesome and amazing!! He talked to my 5 year old and explained everything he was going to do before he did it without scaring him. He gained my sons trust quickly which is very difficult […]
Ashley F.
Really nice receptionist. The oral surgeon was pleasant.
Anonymous
It never ceases to amaze me how much knowledge the staff has when it comes to the patients care. This is the most knowledgeable Dentist Group and staff that I have come across in my nearly 60 years […]
Edward D.
Dr Luccase is fantastic! Highly recommend him and his staff.
John S.
Awesome staff. Friendly, fast, caring.. A+++++
Anthony C.
Excellent care
Melinda P.
I loved the service and treatment that I received a the facility/clinic of the Family Dental Group located in Fishkill.
Michael G.
The care I received at Family Dental Group in Fishkill exceeded my expectations. I went in to have all my wisdom teeth removed and from the moment I stepped in for the initial consult, the […]
Jenny C.
I was so scared about my oral surgery even though i was being sedated. Margaret was absolutely wonderful to me as was Dr. Oh. Thank good ness for their understanding and letting my boyfriend stay […]
Ellen B.
Thank you Dr. Hinkle for making feel at ease during my filling. I really appreciate family dental care for always listening to my concerns and fears being at the dentist. They have always taken their […]
Adriana B.
Just had my teeth cleaned…….Hygenist was gentle and thorough!
Joan S.
Dr. Hinkle was so helpful with finding a solution for my daughter’s teeth. He was patient, kind and considerate and really made her feel comfortable. The procedure was flawless and her teeth look […]
Lisa D.
I was scheduled for an 11:15 appointment for a cleaning with Ellen. There was no wait time at all. She answered any questions I had and did an excellent job. She has a great personalty and really […]
Karen I.
This was my first visit to Family Dental. I was greeted nicely as soon as I walked in. Filled out the new client paperwork, and was taken back to see the dentist all within 10 minutes. Dentist, […]
Anthony C.
Dr. Gelbart made a difficult situation seem easy.
Joan G.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (845) 764-9315
Fax: (845) 440-7609
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For appointments, call: (845) 764-9315
Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
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