Family Dental Group of Fishkill
738 Route 9, Suite 22, Fishkill, NY 12524

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The BEST quality of care!!! The staff is amazing, the doctors are very caring and gentle!!! I would never trust any other dentist office with my children as well as myself!!!
Linda S.
All the staff were friendly and welcoming.
Catherine B.
I was scheduled for an 11:15 appointment for a cleaning with Ellen. There was no wait time at all. She answered any questions I had and did an excellent job. She has a great personalty and really […]
Karen I.
TRUST ME…ONE HYGENIST IS NOT THE SAME AS ANOTHER…LESHA…IS A CUT ABOVE…GOD BLESS HER PROFESSIONALISM AND HER GENTLE AND CARING TOUCH. A CREDIT TO THE FAMILY DENTAL GROUP …
Doris M.
My experience with Family Dental Group and Dr. Lucchese has been amazing! He truly has been understanding & has done incredible work with me. *My true SMILE has returned because of his wonderful […]
Carla S.
I have been going to Lesha for years for my hygiene cleaning. She is professional, excellent at what she does, and a super super human being. Family dental should honor her in many ways for her […]
Michelle B.
Margaret and Dr. Oh are the best team in the world. I was terrified at the beginning of my appointment and they made me feel so comfortable. I will be telling anyone that will listen about my […]
Bethany H.
This was my first visit to Family Dental. I was greeted nicely as soon as I walked in. Filled out the new client paperwork, and was taken back to see the dentist all within 10 minutes. Dentist, […]
Anthony C.
I went to Family Dental of Fishkill for the first time 2 weeks ago. I used the same dentist for over 30 years so I had a little apprehension to say the least! My dentist retired and I now live too […]
Markowitzster
I would definitely recommend this place to my family and friends. The atmosphere is very welcoming and the staff is so very helpful. Katie, Rosie, Lisa and Jeannie, just to name a few of the friendly […]
Christina T.
Great staff from front desk to hygienist to the dentist. I am impressed.
Niyaja L.
I went in that office being so nervous and anxious because of my previous experiences with other dentists but the staff at Family Dental Group was absolutely outstanding!! A special thanks to Rosie, […]
Juls S.
Nikole is a great hygienist. She educates me at every visit. I feel very comfortable with her and always feel like my teeth are at their best with her!
Anonymous
This was the first time I have gone to any dentist and felt great at the end. I didn’t even feel like I was having a cleaning done.I had a professional taking the best care of me. I will be […]
Lorna B.
Front end staff — professional, courteous and efficient. Dentist to dental assistant are knowledgeable, caring, and have great attention to detail. Great dental group — awesome! Thanks a million […]
Maricelle D.
Great quality in dental care, kind and informative staff and clean office. As someone who has been receiving dental care for 10+ years here, I highly recommend this office!
Noelle T.
Family Dental Group has provided outstanding care to our children!
Aiden M.
I had a tooth emergency this weekend & rarely go to the dentist. (I know, I know) I used to go to Beacon Dental, but didn’t like it there anymore. Anyway, I was having tooth pain & […]
Bri M.
Excellent
Melinda P.
The staff was excellent especially Rosie, Margaret(a sweetheart), and Dr OH!! I was impressed and pleased. I would recommend this office to all who needs dental care. It was an absolute pleasure!!
Julene S.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (845) 764-9315
Fax: (845) 440-7609
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For appointments, call us at: (845) 764-9315 or
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For appointments, call: (845) 764-9315
Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
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  • Phone: (845) 764-9315
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